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Huangpu Village, a witness to the boom of the MSR in GZ

BY :Zhou Yuan 丝路云帆

UPDATED :November 22, 2018

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黄埔古港 Huangpu Ancient Port

Huangpu Village, originally known as Fengpu or Huangzhou, is the place where merchant ships from around the world converged as early as the Southern Song Dynasty.

Since Song Dynasty, Huangpu Village became known to people with the development of the ancient Maritime Silk Road. And it had been a trade hub during the Southern Song dynasty, playing a remarkable role in foreign trade at that time.


海上丝绸之路 The Ancient Maritime Silk Road

In early Ming Dynasty, Fuxu Port , once the largest trade port in China during Tang and Song dynasty, lost its dominance in sea trade due to the silt.


An oil painting depicts the Huangpu port

As a result, the foreign port of Guangzhou was relocated between Pazhou and Huangpu village, and got a new name— Huangpu Port. During the reign of emperor Kangxi in Qing Dynasty, offices were set at Huangpu village to manage customs matters.


往日的黄埔古港 The bustling Huangpu Ancient Port centuries ago

Later during 1757-1842, Guangzhou became the only city opened to foreign trade in China, making Huangpu Port the only Chinese port that was permitted to carry out foreign trade.

It's recorded that all foreign merchant ships must check in at Huangpu Port, before they were allowed to enter and trade in China. Huangpu village thus grew into one of the world's major trading centers at that time.


黄埔古港 Today's Huangpu Ancient Port

According to the book "黄埔港史(History of Huangpu Port)", a total of 5107 ships berthed at the Port, including the noted East Indiaman Gotheborg and the Empress of China from America, witnessing the flourishing trade between China and the outside world.

复原后的“哥德堡号”全貌 The replica of 'East Indiaman Gotheborg'


粤海第一关纪念馆 Cantonese Customs Museum

However, Huangpu village also faded gradually because of the blockage of the river. Its past glory still can be taken a glimpse through cultural remains.


Today, many cultural relics were well-preserved in the village, such as the alleys that crisscross the village, the original port, ancestral temples, and unique Taoist temples, bearing witnesses to the village's development in the past several hundred years.



Transportation: Take No.299 bus to the Shijicun station

Opening hours: all day

Adimission: free

Source: WeChat(丝路云帆)
 

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