Hot Majors Result in High Unemployment
Chinese job hunters fill in application forms at a job fair for university graduates in rural Beijing Feb. 16, 2009. About 1.5 million university graduates in China failed to be employed by the end of the year of 2008 and another 6.11 million new graduates will seek jobs in the year of 2009 among the economic slump, worsening the government's endeavor to improve employment rate. (file photo by Xinhua/Bu Xiangdong)
According to a recent survey conducted by Beijing University, the 10 most popular college majors in China this year include IT, electronics, languages, law, mechanics, architecture, accounting and finance, journalism, medicine, environment and business management.
However, surprisingly, law graduates are number one on the list to lose their jobs or not be able to find jobs, according to a survey carried out by Sohu.com in December.
The other top seven majors with dismal employment prospects on the list include IT, English language, international business, business management, Chinese language and literature, electronic information and accounting.
"One reason for this phenomenon is that a lot of students choose only the so-called popular majors, which has resulted in the large number of students competing for limited job vacancies," said Yao Kai, director of the employment instruction office at Shenzhen University.
"Many high school students and their parents have no particular preferences for majors and they think popular majors mean better employment prospects and high salaries, which is quite wrong. These students will be easily dissatisfied with the subjects soon after entering university because they will find it totally different from what they thought or they just won't be interested," said Yao.
Choosing a major requires a lot of research and popularity is not important, said Yao. "What is more important is the student's interest. Before you make a decision, you should be sure that you know what the major is really like and what you want to do after graduation," he said.
Practical vocational skills are also better choices because they can lead to better job opportunities, a 23-year-old woman surnamed Yang said.
"My current job is totally different from my major at college. I'm doing some very basic work at the company and I think if I grasp a particular skill, the situation will be better. Practical subjects are more useful for finding a good position in a company than theoretical subjects," she said.
(Wang Yuanyuan, Tang Xuemeng)
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