Guangdong Plagued with Grain Shortage of over 20 million Tons Annually
Guangdong has become a province substantially plagued with grain shortage, and has to buy over 20 million tons of grains from other provinces and foreign countries each year, as announced at an agriculture symposium in Guangzhou, its capital, on July 5, Information Times reports.
Guangdong is now the province with the most 'importing' grains in China. It only produces fewer than 15 million tons as it demands for some 34 million tons each year recently, Ph.D. Cao Shun-ai from Guangzhou-based South China University of Agriculture said.
A grain center in Guangdong.
Grain yield and planting area are both shrinking
The province's total yield is going down generally to below 15 million tons in 2008, Mr. Cao analyzed.
The grain planting area in Guangdong dropped from 5.97 million hectares in 1980 to 4.40 million hectares in 2008. The area shrinking is the major cause for the yield reduction, according to Dr. Cao.
Arable land abuse for business development
The arable land in Guangdong is being seriously overused for industry and property development. The 26.3 mu (=0.0667 hectares) arable land have been approved or used for non-agriculture purpose, already surpassing the province-wide quota of 23.7 mu by 2010, which is set in the provincial land blueprint (1997-2020).
与此同时，广东建设用地占用耕地严重，2006年已将2010年以前的建设用地指标提前用完 --- 《广东省土地利用总体规划（1997～2020）》中确定的主要控制性指标早已被突破：到2010年的建设用地控制规模是2373.9万亩，现在实际已达2629.2万亩，突破255.3万亩。
"Some local authorities over-dropped land rate to attract investment and projects, and resulted in under-efficient use and waste of land." Said Wang Liwen, ex-vice-director of the provincial office of development study.
广东省人民政府发展研究中心原副主任王利文: "个别地方政府在招商引资中为争取更多的项目落户本地，竞相压低工业地价, 工业项目粗放用地和浪费土地的现象。
Housing buildings are constructed on the officially-taken arable land in Kaiping, Guangdong, in 2007. (xkb.com.cn)
Suggestion: No more arable land for non-agriculture good
Wang thought there would still be room for remedy in the western, eastern and northern parts of Guangdong, but not in the Pearl River.
He suggested the provincial government should strictly order all industries should be based in industry zones, and no more arable land granted for non-agriculture good.
An old villager in Kaiping, Guangdong, tells in tears a reporter how she and her 2,000 peers protected the village's arable land from forced requisition for realty development by local government in December, 2007. (xkb.com.cn)
He also advised the coastal places could enclose sea area to set up land, taking advantage of the long coastline of Guangdong.
The Guangzhou Economic and Technological Development District set a pace in positive land use, and could be promoted in the province, Wang recommended.