More than 2000 years ago, the Silk Road that had connected Europe, Asia and Africa has made a huge contribution to the development of mankind civilization and the communication of commerce and culture among many countries. Meanwhile the spirit of the Silk Road has influenced the whole world a lot. Therefore, our country put forward the major initiatives to build a “Silk Road Economic Belt” and “the twenty-first Century maritime Silk Road” (also called “The Belt and Road”) to strengthen the exchanges between different civilizations.
Governing a country by law is not only the basis of developing a country, but also the key to improving our political party. The meaning of the Belt and Road initiative is not just confined to the communication of economics and culture, it also has influence on laws. In some way, the modern history of China was a total failure on seeking methods to save the country. At the end of the 18th century, the constitutional reform and modernization had combine Western capitalist system and Confucianism of our country. In the early 20th century, the constitutional movement had referred to western constitutional monarchy. Three Principles of the People, proposed by Sun Yat-sen, originated in western democracy. Even the New Culture Movement had been influenced by Marxism.
Nowadays, our laws has been improved and perfected. On 29th, September in 1949, the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference passed the Common Program of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. In September, 1954, the first session of the first session of National People’s Congress adopted the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China. It was the first constitution of our country and has established the economic and political system in the form of fundamental law. In 1979, the socialist democracy and legal system construction had arrived into a new stage of development-the second meeting of the Fifth National People’s Congress passed the criminal law. In 1997, the 15th Party’s Congress established the basic strategy for governing a country by law and building a socialist country under the rule of law. In October 2014, the Party’s Fourth Plenary Session of Eighteen put forward building a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, the overall goal of building a socialist country under the rule of law.
Only a country that has a rule of law is a stable state. The rule of law is superior to the rule of man forever. The rule of law can keep countries stable forever. However, at present, Corruption in our country is still very serious. Corrupt officials take advantages of their positions to seek personal interests. The social harmfulness and bad influence it has caused is inestimable. It impairs the image of the Party and the government, degrades social conduct, and shakes people’s belief in the rule of law. Therefore our party has formed a set of anti-corruption basic strategies, the core of which is the rule of law against corruption. Since the Eighteenth Party’s Congress, the Central Party Committee has promoted to build a clean government and fight against corruption, a number of major cases have been investigated, and a number of corrupt elements have been sacked. We have to strengthen the construction of the rule of law system so that corruption will be prevented and solved from the source to create a good political ecological economic construction development.
All in all, our government’s proposing about the Belt and Road initiative helps develop the rule of law. The key of a strong country dream lies in the rule of law. We are supposed to study and observe the law, take the road of the rule of law, so that we can make new contributions to the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation’s China dream.
(By Kangjiajia from Guangzhou Railway Vocational and Technical College)