HUADU District was an independent county a decade ago, established as a county as early as in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). It was recognized as a city in 1993, and in 2000, it became an attached suburban district of Guangzhou with a population of over 713,400. The present government sits in Xinhua Township. Huadu (Flower Capital in Chinese) lies northwest of Guangzhou, fenced in by mountains to the east, north and west. The Tropic of Cancer runs through the district, bringing a warm and humid climate to this area.
With a rich rainfall, Huadu is abundant in a variety of crops, vegetables, tea, litchis, bananas, longans, peanuts and sugarcane. New Baiyun Airport is located in Huadu, which is connected with the other districts and cities nearby through the subway and Jichang Expressway. It will become one of the busiest in China with a capacity of transporting over 20 million passengers a year, offering dozens of flights to almost all the major cities in China day and night. Guangzhou Northern Train Station, as a switchyard of cargo trains, is also located in Huadu District.
One of Huadu' s best attractions is Hong Xiuquan (1814-1864) Memorial Museum, in honor of the man who established and led the Taiping Kingdom in the mid-1800s. Though it was at Jintian in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region where Hong started the well-known uprising against the Qing Dynasty, he himself was actually from Huaxian County, today' s Huadu District. Located in Guanlubu Village and only a dozen kilometers away, Hong' s former residence has made into a historic tourist attraction. This ordinary Hakka village is home to two clans: the Hongs and the Lins. The whole complex of Hong’s former residence is called Study Pavilion and the present one is a copy of the original, which was burned down by the Qing troops.
Another noticeable attraction is the 90-meter-high Furongzhang Waterfall, the most famous in all of Guangdong Province. The fall is the centerpiece of Furong Holiday Resort, whose 6, 000 hectares encompass hills, waterfalls and forests. The white fall pours down from a sheer cliff to a placid, forming a natural swimming pool large enough to accommodate 10, 000 swimmers. There are recreational services around, such as restaurants, karaoke bars, saunas, tennis courts, a barbecue picnic and a shooting range. It offers a weekend destination to Guangzhou urbanites.
A Survey of Huadu
Huadu, located in the north of Guangzhou, is the traffic throat of from North Guangdong to South Guangdong, and it is often called as "the barrier of the capital city of Guangzhou and the throat of North Guangdong and South Guangdong. Huadu, vigorous, is a modern city suitable for commerce and residence and combining the beauty of hills, water and gardens. Huadu, with international facilities of entertainment, recreation and living and beautiful scenery, excellent investment circumstance and prosperous economy, is a large-scale modern city and is called by people as "the city of flowers".
Huadu District is located in the north part of the Pearl River Delta and abuts to Hong Kong and Macao. It is the traffic hinge of the Pearl River Delta and also the bridge and hinge connecting the Pearl River Delta and the hinterland. It has developed solid water, land and air transportation, and it is the hinge of National Super Highway 105, 106 and 107, Airport Super Highway, Guangzhou-Qingyuan Super Highway, Beijing-Haizhu Super Highway, Guangzhou North Second Ring Road and Guangzhou North Third Ring Road. Beijing-Guangzhou Railway gets through the district and Guangzhou Railway Station is also situated there. In the future, two subways will have been built and among them, one will link the downtown and Huadu together. The most modern airport in China --- Guanzhou Baiyun International Airport also lies in Huadu. In a word, Huadu District is one of a few cities in China that have dense super highways and a perfect traffic system of waterways, highways, railways and airways.
Terrain and Climate
Huadu District, with a total area of 968 square kilometers, has the topography of high north and low south, many knaps in the north, many low knaps and mesas in the middle and Guangzhou-Huadu Plain in the south, and it is shaped as a rectangle inclined from the northeast to the southwest. The district, characterized by a subtropical monsoon climate, is not very hot in summer and not very cold in winter, and its annual average temperature is 21.7 ℃. It has abundant sunlight and rain, evergreen grass, trees and in-blossom flowers every season.
Huadu District is divided into 11 towns that are Xinhua, Huashan, Huadong, Chini, Tanbu, Shiling, Beixing, Furong, Timian, Huaqiao and Yayao. Xinhua Town, where the committee of CCP and government of Huadu are located, is the satellite city of Guangzhou. It is 23 square kilometers in size and only 22 kilometers far away from the downtown of Guangzhou.
Huadu district has a 720,000 population. It is the hometown of many overseas Chinese, and it has approximate 300,000 overseas Chinese and Hong Kong and Macao compatriots.
City Zone Layout
Huadu District is the developed industry zone and important traffic hinge of Guangzhou. By 2010, the city zone planned will reach 128 square kilometers, the population will reach 4 million and Huadu at that time will perform as a traffic corridor, a downtown as well as a development zone.
Huadu District is rich in natural resources. The mines proved up are up to 18 varieties among which the largely-reserved and high-rank limestone, kaolin, clay and granite etc have a bright future of mining. The district also is rich in water. The annual flux of the surface water on average for years is 1.15 billion cube meters. There are 17 reservoirs of medium and small size in the district. The Liuxi River and Bajiang River are across the district.
Huadu District, with green mountains and water and beautiful scenery, has large-potential tourism resources. At present, the scenic spots under development are Timian Comprehensive Tourism Zone, Furong Holiday Village, Jiulong Pond Water World etc, and the finished scenic spots are Hong Xiuquan Monument, Hong Xiuquan Former Residence, Pangu Saint Temple, Zizheng Daifu Ancestral Temple, Guangzhou Bougainvillea Golf and Country Club and Yuanxuan Dao Guan etc.