Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Memorial Hall
Add: No. 259, Dongfeng Zhong Lu, Yuexiu district, Guangzhou ( 东风中路259号)
Tel: 020-8355 2030
Designed by reputable Chinese architect Lu Yanzhi and sponsored by many overseas Chinese and Guangzhou citizens, Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's Memorial Hall is a major national cultural relic of Guangdong Province commemorating the great forerunner of the Chinese revolution. Construction of the Hall began in 1929 and was completed in 1931 at the former location of the Presidential Palace in the city's central Yuexiu district.
An octagonal building with a grand presence, the Hall features a strong Chinese architectural style. The 52 meter-high main hall accounts for a total of 12,000 square meters, standing on a 6.3 hectare parcel of inner-city land. Thanks to the designer's ingenious application of architectural mechanics, the building spans a distance of 71 meters without a single pillar, using the structural combination of a steel framework with concrete reinforcement. The main hall holds a 15 meter-wide and 20 meter-deep stage with 3,238 seats. One of most symbolic buildings in Guangzhou and a major site for conventions and performances, the Hall is also a renowned tourist attraction to visitors from home and abroad.
The Memorial complex is composed of an archway, the memorial hall (main building) and accessory buildings, with the gated entrance made up of three small concrete arches. The middle arch is higher with a saddle-style roof, while the two lower side arches have double-eave hip rooftops, all covered by sapphire blue glazed tiles. Surrounded by columned aisles in four directions, the main Memorial Hall building is a striking and beautiful structure. Its roof is made of sapphire blue glazed tiles, and its epistyle eaves and corbel arches are covered with paintings and patterns. The Hall also features white and yellow brick walls, a dado made of stones from Liaoning, a granite Buddhist-style base, steps from Hong Kong and red columns and windows made of terrazzo. Below the brim of the central gate, there is an inscribed board which reads "The Whole World as One Community."
No pillars can be seen in the Hall's spacious lobby. All eight reinforced concrete interior pillars are concealed inside the walls, supporting the steel truss beams that form the basis of the massive octagonal roof. On the stage inside the hall, "The Testament of the Prime Minister" can be read below a carving of Dr. Sun Yet-Sen. The splendid interior decoration and the unique design of the structure prove that it is indeed an architectural masterpiece.
In front of the central entrance of the hall towers a bronze statue of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, standing sentinel over a well-maintained expanse of green lawn dotted with old pine, cypress and kapok trees, as well as a variety of other plants and flowers.
Using the same construction style, two steel truss beam accessory buildings stand on the east and the west of the Hall, designed by Li Keng and Feng Baoling respectively.
Finally, the square-spire shape of the Sun Yat-Sen Monument is 37.3 meters tall and made of granite, with "The Testament of Premier Sun" engraved on its south side. It has 13 stories and a curving interior staircase providing access to the top.