Though Panyu city has no airport in its territory, however, within a radius of 60 kilometers, there are five major international airports providing speedy and convenient access to other places. In the city center, there are several commission agents for cargo shipments by airplane.
Though Panyu city has no railways in its territory, however, just half an hour's drive away comes the largest railway station in South China- the Guangzhou City Railway Service. Also within half an hour to one hour's drive away from Panyu city are other railway terminuses for Guangzhou-Beijing railway line, Beijing-Kawloon line, and Guangzhou-Kawloon line. In the city center, there are some commission agents for cargo shipments by railway.
Panyu city features the confluent estuary of the three main branches of the Pearl River System, namely, the East Branch, the West Branch and the North Branch. Within the territory, the artery and sub-branches of the Pearl River are the main navigation channels between Guangzhou and other destinations like Hong Kong, Macao and other countries in the world. Likewise, the upper reaches of these rivers also serve as the vital navigation channel for destinations to other cities and provinces in the mainland. The inland waterways in the city are well-developed for transportation, with the artery channels lengthening at 816 kilometers and vehicle ships exceeding 5000 in number and a total tonnage of 50 thousand.
Three open ports have been set up in the city, they are the Shiqiao Port, the Lotus Hill Port and the Nansha Port. The city has 27 checking lots for container trucks and 2 passenger seaport terminals for boder exit and entry - one in the Lotus Hill Township and the other in Nansha ETDZ. Panyu is the one and only city at the township level in China to have two open ports. The Lotus Hill open port, which has already gone into operation, has two deep-water berths of one thousand tonnage. And the east bank of the Seagull Islet, which is still under construction, has a deepwater coastline of 1,250 meters long, ships of five thousand tonnage can take anchorage there. The Nansha Port, part of which has been finished with the construction work, boasts a deepwater coastline of 7 kilometers long with the water reaching 9 to 15 meters deep, it is one of China's topmost Class-A open-ports. Currently Nansha Port has been built one berth of 10 thousand tonnage and two berths of 25 thousand tonnage, and it has been approved of its opening to foreign ships. In all, there serve on a daily basis 18 regular passenger liners plying to and from Hong Kong by the Passenger Seaport Terminals in Lotus Hill Township and in the Nansha ETDZ with the one-way journey only lasting one hour to one hour and thirty minutes. In the year of 1998, the export-and-import cargo handling volume by all ports in the city reached 3.86 million tons, and the number of passengers crossing the border was 1.2 million. For the convenience of border crossing by passengers and the import and export of goods, a full range of well-equipped, multifunctional, and efficient organizations have been set up concerning the port-related affairs and services. These are the Customs Offices, Frontier Inspection Office, Sanitary Inspection Bureau, Animal and Plant Quarantine Bureau, Commodity Inspection and Testing Bureau, and Harbor Superintendence.
Postal mails can be delivered to more than 190 countries and regions in the world. In addition to the traditional postal services, a full series of postal services are available in the city, including international remittance, postal banking service, express mail service, and special express delivery.
The modern telecommunication network in the city has taken shape basically, the installed capacity of the program-controlled system is able to accommodate 480 thousand lines. The telephone subscribed users have reached 210 thousand in number, and the number of mobile phone users is 690 thousand. The rate of telephone users among the people is 124 in 100. So far the outgoing channels are over 102 thousand, with the digital transmission technology, they are capable of carrying multimedia messages like sound, data, and images. In general, the trunk-call switches have be upgraded by substitutes of automation system. And people can communicate directly to over 1700 cities in China and more than 200 countries and regions in the world.
The Panyu Information Net - a wonderful information network platform, has been established in the city, and has been hooked up with the China Net( Chinanet 163), China's Economic Information Net ( CEInet), and China's Public Multimedia Information Net. Many of the government agencies have also launched their websites, it is very convenient for information access and seeking their application.
The electricity grids in Panyu city are one of the key networks in the power system in Guangdong Province. There are over 20 electricity substations with capacity from 110 to 220 kilovolts. Four main-supply lines lead from the Land-Tip Power Plant to the city, and over 220 thousand kilometers of the grid lines flies across the villages and townships in the whole city. Apart from the normal power supply by the provincial grids, the city has injected 2.6 billion Yuan to build four local-run power plants in the Plume Hill area, Lotus Hill Township and Nansha ETDZ with their total installed capacity of 8.38 billion kilowatts. And their total annual Power consumption of Panyu reaches 3.55 billion kilowatts. The power grids in Panyu city are well-developed with reliable supplies, and fees for power consumption are restrictedly subject to the provincial standard norms on electricity price.
The water resources are abundant in the city with high quality of water supplies. There are watercourses up to the National Standard on Controlling and Protecting Water Sources for Class-A Category. At present, there are 19 water supply plants and four booster pump stations, the daily supply volume reaches 500 thousand cubic meters. Water pipes of the supply network reaches everywhere in the city to guarantee the water supply for domestic and industrial use in the whole city.
Use of the State Land
Right to the use of the state land in Panyu city can be obtained through one of the three manners by signing the land assignment contract, bid tendering or through land auctions. The term of use right to the land varies depending on the usage of the land, that is, from a maximum term of 70 years for residential buildings, and 50 years for industrial purpose; 50 years for purposes of education, science and technology, culture, health and sanitation, sports; 50 years for composite use or other uses to 40 years for commercial, tourism, and recreational purposes. Within the use term, the user can utilize, transfer, lend, or mortgage the use right to the land or for other economic activities according to the law.
In Panyu city, some of the industrial buildings are constructed by property developers before they are transferred or lent to investors; others are built by investors themselves after they obtain the use right to the land. In the year of 1998, the rent for industrial buildings in Panyu city varies from RMB 8 to 15 Yuan per square meters depending on the position of the building and the storey of the floor. Procedures are simply for purchasing or renting the standard industrial buildings ready-built. Upon the date of purchase, the ownership of the house and buildings is vested with the purchaser, and such ownership is allowed to be transferred or mortgaged under the protection of the law.
The labor source is very rich in the city with high quality. Many graduate students from senior high schools and middle school seek employment each year. In addition, thousands of graduates from universities, colleges, polytechnic schools or secondary technical schools also enter the job market. These job-seekers are mainly about 20 years old, they have better education background and the ability to work more independently and skillfully. With the development of economy, the city has had a legion of workers with skills and expertise in all trades and professions, and the quality of the migrant workers in the city has also been improved in general, and they can also be good candidates for employment in foreign companies.
Health Care and Education Facilites
Panyu Places special attention on quality healthcare facilities. We have a total of 97 hospitals and healthcare centers as well as spcial care units. The Children hspital and Women Care Center have been put into use in the year of 1986, they are exclusive targeted to the children patients and women patients. Panyu has also an elderly people's house located at countryside where medical attention is provided. Well-equipped hospitals employ more than 3000 doctors who provide services to company employees as well as foreigner living in Panyu. Healthcare performance in Panyu is prior to the region around. Many State Awards had been granted to the hospitals and individual doctors for their excellent performances. As an attempt to attract foreign investment and to promote the education level of Panyu residents, the Government had devoted itself in developing education. And a private international school - Clifford School has set up in Panyu already. For higher education, Zhong-shan University, South-China University of Technology and the other 8 universities in the region are offering top class professional training for young people, which become a big backup for Panyu human resources.